Counting in Wiyot: Numbers 5-10

In Wiyot, the numbers 5-10 are non-verb numerals which combine with a separate verb, hulurr, meaning roughly "there are this many", to create their full forms. That means that the full form we'sagh hulurr, which we translate in English as "five", really means "five, there are this many", in other words, "there are five". However, these forms are often shortened to just the numeral, without the verb hulurr.

The numbers shown on this page (with the verb hulurr  in their full forms) are used for counting people and many animals, and for abstract counting (counting numbers, but not any specific physical object). 

To count other types of objects in the world (long skinny objects, flat objects, roundish objects, built objects, etc.), units of time (number of times/repetitions, days, years, etc.) and other concepts, Wiyot uses several different sets of endings (called classifiers). To find out more about counting specific categories of things, click here.

5We'sagh is formed from we's ("hand") + sagh ("it is one half of a pair"), and literally means "it is one hand (half of a pair of hands)", referring to the fact that one hand has five fingers. (cf. Teeter, 1964)

Short form spoken by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:
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6Short form spoken by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:
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7
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8
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9
According to Reichard (1925), vushurouk is formed from vush ("little hand", a diminutive form of we's "hand") + rouk "ring finger", and may mean something like "one hand plus four".

Some speakers pronounced "nine" with an initial "m" instead of "v" (mushurouk instead of vushurouk). The m/v alternation is very common in Wiyot, and does not change the meaning of a word (see "m" words and "v" words for more examples).

Short form spoken by Della Prince:
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10
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